cNES at a Glance
Combined natural and engineered solutions (cNES) are inspired and supported by nature, while maintaining and enhancing natural capital; they are sustainable measures that simultaneously meet environmental & socio-economic objectives
cNES are combined systems for water treatment which can be applied in various locations and operate under different conditions.
cNES make best use of the relative strengths of both natural and engineered processes in delivering safe and reliable water services to a growing population.
Advanced research on the fundamental processes and performance of natural treatment systems provides the underpinning knowledge required to enable scaling up and demonstration of cNES.
The cNES Examples evidence the technical and economic feasibility of cNES, including information concerning their long-term performance and benefits, advice, and recommendations.