Information & Knowledge on cNES Solutions

Information and knowledge on cNES derived from the AquaNES project and other sources: natural and engineered treatment processes, water and wastewater sources and uses, cNES applications & benefits of choosing these systems.

Water & Wastewater Sources

Different types of water sources with considerably different quantity and composition can be treated by cNES


Engineered Pre-treatment Processes

15 processes that can be combined with MAR/SAT & CW


Engineered Post-treatment Processes

15 processes that can be combined with BF, MAR/SAT & CW


MAR / SAT

Concept, function, advantages & limitations of MAR/SAT systems


Constructed Wetlands

Concept, function, advantages & limitations of CW systems


Bank Filtration

Concept, function, advantages & limitations of BF systems


Uses and Users

Different end-uses with different treatment needs

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